Further Reading

News Outlets

Darla Cameron, “How sanctuary cities work, and how Trump’s executive order might affect them” (2017) The Washington Post, <online>.

H.B.C., “What are sanctuary cities?” (2016) The Economist,<online>.

Janell Ross, “6 things to know about sanctuary cities” (2015) The Washington Post, <online>.

Nicholas Keung, “Toronto police urged to stop immigration ‘status checks'” (2015) Toronto Star, <online>.

Terri Coles, “Canada’s sanctuary cities offer some protection, but benefits are limited” (2017) Yahoo Canada News, <online>.

Tessa Stuart, “How Sanctuary Cities Are Plotting to Resist Trump” (2016) Rolling Stone, <online>.

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO)

AMSSA (Affiliation of Multicultural Societies and Service Agencies of BC), “InfoSheet: Sanctuary Cities— History & Overview” (March 21, 2014) <online>.

American Immigration Council, ““Sanctuary Cities,” Trust Acts, and Community Policing Explained” (2015) <online>.

National Conference of State Legislators, “What’s a Sanctuary Policy? FAQ on Federal, State and Local Action on Immigration Enforcement” (2017) <online>.

Tom K. Wong, “The Effects of Sanctuary Policies on Crime and the Economy,” Centre for American Progress (2017) <online>.


Graham Hudson, Idil Atak, Michele Manocchi, Charity-Ann Hannan, and Ryerson University, “(No) Access T.O.: A Pilot Study on Sanctuary City Policy in Toronto, Canada” (2017) Ryerson Centre for Immigration and Settlement (RCIS) Working Papers, <online>.

Harald Bauder, “Sanctuary Cities: Policies and Practices in International Perspective” (2016) International Migration, <link>.

Michael John Garcia, “”Sanctuary Cities”: Legal Issues” (January 15, 2009) Congressional Research Service 1, <online>.

Laura Sullivan, “Enforcing Nonenforcement: Countering the Threat Posed to Sanctuary Laws by the Inclusion of Immigration Records in the National Crime Information Center Database” (2009) 97:2 California Law Review 567, <online>.

Rose Cuison Villazor, “”Sanctuary Cities” and Local Citizenship” (2009) 37:2 Fordham Urban Law Journal 573, <online>.

Rupaleem Bhuyan and Tracy Smith-Carrier, “Constructions of Migrant Rights in Canada: Is Subnational Citizenship Possible?” (2012) 16:2 Citizenship Studies 203, <link>.